.CREATE VISUALS AND LEARN IN THE PROCESS.
There are numerous ways of recording vocabulary but the tendency to create “English word + translation” lists prevails. Finding an alternative to that makes vocabulary recording more entertaining and helps in the learning process since you are more involved in the “how”.
Going back to the idea of “collecting words”, you are more likely to remember a new item for your collection when you have devoted some attention to it. Where does it belong? How should I record it? To what extent is this useful for me?
Let’s consider recording vocabulary as a two-way procedure. What I mean is, you can first record your words in a list, while you are studying or in class, as a sort of draft. Secondly, you could rewrite those words into a more definite, elaborate system. It may take more time but it will eventually pay off.
In today’s post, I am going to give a few general tips. Some are followed by a “go the extra mile” additional note for those of you who can devote more time to this task:
1. GENERAL ENGLISH
When the word you are learning is unambiguous, there is no need to rack your brains. Just make sure the spelling is right and you add the phonetic transcription if you don’t know how to pronounce it.
Go the extra mile
You can also add a definition and an example copied from the source where you found the word or the dictionary. This will make it more memorable and if done systematically, it will improve your English and make it more accurate.
Tablecloth /teɪb(ə)lklɒθ/ n
a cloth spread over a table “She spread a checked tablecloth over the table”
(Now, you also now it collocates with the verb spread over and the adjective checked.)
2. PHRASAL VERBS
Saying that students are put off by phrasal verbs is an understatement but the truth is that like it or not, phrasal verbs are in the DNA of the language so we’d better learn ways to get around that initial dislike or fear of the difficulty they entail.
Why not dealing with them on a case-by-case basis?
Let’s say you come across the phrasal verb “do up”. I could simply write:
do up = atar. But that is not telling me how to use it; in other words, the grammar around it.
Why not look it up in a dictionary (Cambridge in this case) and add some more details?:
There! Now there is grammar, I know it is transitive and separable and there is a context, which makes it easier to memorise and use.
Do yourself a favour: learn phrasal verbs in context. They will soon grow on you. Then, hopefully, there will be no stopping you.
Go the extra mile
If you have the time you could add some additional meanings for it.
do (sth) up
As you know, in a language some words naturally combine well together. Learning these patterns is instrumental for your day-to-day English and pivotal in a high-level exam. Integrating them into your notebook will make your life easier in the long run.
But, how to record them?
The Cambridge book Ready for Advanced presents some very clear outlines that are visually-friendly.
I much prefer the use of Spider Graphs, though. All the more when they are “homemade” by you. Something along these lines might be a useful tool to incorporate in your vocab recording.
For simple collocation Spider diagrams, you can use this approach.
For a more in-depth system, with categories, use this one. Fill the boxes called Idea with Noun, Adjective, Verb, Preposition … And Sub Idea with the terms that collocate with the CENTRAL WORD. I will go more in-depth future posts.
I know, it takes time but you shouldn’t consider this is time wasted because it’s not, as you will soon find out when one of those collocations pops up in your head when you next need it.
4. IDIOMS AND PROVERBS
Context! Do I sound like a broken record? Pretty much so but, what can I do? That’s the way it works
Let’s draw our attention to a particular idiom (e.g. the latest idiom I posted on Facebook) “Call it a day”. Now, if you want to learn this idiom efficiently, you need to be able to use it. So the first question you may ask yourself is “when” can I use it? At the end of a working day or a task that has required some effort. A bit like: That’s it, we are done for the day.
The next question is “how”. It is frequently preceded by “Let’s”
CALL IT A DAY:
To stop working for the day
“Look at the time, it’s eight o’clock. Let’s call it a day!
Go the extra mile
If the idiom in question has aroused your curiosity, you can look it up and add some more details.
· Also preceded by “It’s time to”
· In our eagerness to learn, we may overdo it by trying to learn every word we come across. As I mentioned before, learning to let go of the unnecessary vocab is a valuable skill. Get clear on your goals.
· Same applies to GO THE EXTRA MILE
Note: Only go the extra mile if you are hungry for knowledge. If this is going to overwhelm you, keep it simple. As the saying goes, LESS IS MORE. Better to learn the basics thoroughly than to bite off more than you can chew and create a mess in your head.
· As time goes by and your level goes up, you can reassess your notebooks from previous courses by highlighting/rewriting what has still not been consolidated and discarding the rest.
· Make it visually appealing
o Use colours
o Get yourself a nice notebook
o Use clear handwriting
o Give yourself space. A crammed notebook is not exactly inviting.
· If you want to contribute any thoughts or ideas that work for you, please send them my way and I will post them. If so, please, add your name and firstname.lastname@example.org.